[2][67] Furthermore, it was increasingly recognised that 20 mm cannons were required in order to cause enough damage, thus a mixture of Bf 109F/Gs, Macchi MC.205s and Fiat G.55s were deployed to replace the remaining C.202s as soon as possible. The 109 was one of the only true modern planes in the war; it included features such as a retractable landing gear, all-metal monocoque construction, and a closed canopy. The P-51D Mustang is considered by many to be the #1 fighter aircraft of WWII. During April 1942 the 4° Stormo solved the frequent problems to the oxygen masks by adopting the German Dräger "oxygen apparatus" that already equipped the Bf 109s. During March 1944, they were scrambled for the first time against an American raid west of Zagreb, but combat was avoided: Croatian Macchi pilots had been initially instructed to attack only those aircraft which had already been damaged or had become separated from their main formations. or Best Offer. "La Caccia Italiana 1940–43" (in Italian). [15] The growth of the C.202 project was slower than that of the rival Re. [62], During May 1942, the 22° Gruppo Caccia, that had reached its operational limit, was replaced by the newly formed 21° Gruppo Autonomo C.T. Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Prototype, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter, Twin-Engine Multi-role Medium Bomber Aircraft, All-Metal Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Aircraft, Multirole Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter Aircraft, Single-Seat Fighter / Ground Attack Aircraft, Single-Seat, Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Single-Seat Fighter / Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter Aircraft, Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstorer (Destroyer), Twin-Seat, Twin-Engine Heavy Fighter Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft, Single-Seat, Single-Engine Fighter-Bomber Aircraft, Canard-Configured Pusher Fighter Aircraft Prototype. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Both pilots flew with 51° Stormo C.T., the most successful Italian unit over Malta, having reportedly achieved a score of 97 aircraft destroyed for the loss of only 17 Folgores. From its first appearance in the skies over the battlefields in 1944, the Yak-3 became a true headache for German pilots. The C.202 continued to be used in North Africa as late as mid-1943, by which point the type was withdrawn to support defensive efforts in Sicily and the Italian mainland following their invasion by Allied forces. This list may not reflect recent changes (). The first batch of 16 "Folgores" delivered to the ZNDH was from the XII series, built by Breda following the German occupation of Northern Italy. It was operated mainly by the Regia Aeronautica (RA; Royal (Italian) Air Force) in and around the Second World War. The first units selected to be equipped with the C.202 Series I were the 17° and 6° Gruppi, from 1° Stormo, based at the airfield of Campoformido, near Udine, and the 9° Gruppo of 4° Stormo, based in Gorizia. [29] The relatively high diving speed of the type has been attributed to the exceptionally clean design of its fuselage. On 6–7 March 1943, C.202 pilots claimed 19 RAF and two USAAF aircraft, for the loss of two Folgore. [23][11] A synchronizing unit allowed the nose guns to fire through the propeller disk, but with a 25% loss in ROF (Rate of Fire). [50] On 26 November, during Operation Crusader, 19 Macchis of 9° Gruppo, 4° Stormo were sent to Africa, and by the end of the month the whole 1° Stormo was in Libya, both units taking part in the last stages of the British offensive that led to the raising of the siege of Tobruk, and the retreat of Italian and German troops in Cyrenaica in December. From its initial combat missions, the C.202 displayed marked superiority over the Hawker Hurricane II, which formed the island's main form of aerial defence at the time. 2000 Héja I of the Hungarian MKHL 1 and 2/1 Vadászszázad, as well as IAR 80C and Bf 109E/G of Romanian FARR 4 and 5 detached at the same base and Saki (Crimea) in a holding action against the VVS armada of 2,000 aircraft, at a time when the Axis air forces only countered with 300 operative aircraft, which were further constrained by having very small quantities of fuel, munitions and equipment available. [8] The C.202 also had its defects: like its predecessor, the C.200, it could enter a dangerous spin. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Shop online for 8 italian world war ii airplane model kits at discounts up to 21%. [21], Australian air ace Clive Caldwell felt the Folgore would have been superior to the Messerschmitt Bf 109 had it been better armed. According to aviation author David Mondey, the Folgore has been considered to be one of the best wartime fighters to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica. [2], The C.202 was designed by a team headed by the company's chief of design, Italian aeronautics engineer Mario Castoldi. [56] The wing was a bi-longeron structure, which was attached to the fuselage center section via steel forgings; it was fitted with flaps that were both statically and dynamically balanced. $39.99. Blackburn Botha is one of the rare aircraft in the history of aviation that has been replaced with an older version. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. This, coupled with the 32 Cant Z.1007s, was one of the most powerful fighter forces that the Italians fielded in the war, and constituted almost a tenth of the overall Folgore production. and A.F.C., in his book "What were they like to fly" (1964), stated: "Sleek, supremely fast (..) the 202 was capable of out-turning our P-40s with ease; but the majority would pull away effortlessly into a climbing roll off or a roll off the top when things became at all hectic... Their aircraft was superior to ours on all counts." [11] His new project was robust and small, utilizing a conventional but complex structural arrangement based on his experience with wooden designs, and at the same time paying great attention to its aerodynamics (Castoldi had previously designed the MC.72, the world's fastest aircraft of its time). Conceptual and prototype designs evolving during the war are also included in this listing. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. There are a total of [ 359 ] WW2 Fighter Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback During the 1930s, the Italian military authorities chose to adopt only radial engines to power their aircraft; consequently, during the second half of the 1930s, the Italian aeronautical industry had been sufficiently de-incentivised to the point of completely avoiding the development of more powerful engines based on streamlined liquid-cooled designs, which would become popular abroad. [40] Over the skies of the besieged island, the new Macchi fighter was not only used to conduct fighter operations, but also for performing ground attack runs and aerial reconnaissance missions. According to aviation author David Mondey, the Folgore has been considered to be one of the best wartime fighters to serve in large numbers with the Regia Aeronautica. Publisher unknown, 2008. WW2 Italian Canopy (x13) Set #1: Macchi Reggiane Fiat Caproni (1/72 Falcon #20) $23.95. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. By the end of 1942, U.S. B-17 and B-24 strategic bombers had begun launching daytime raids on Italian cities, and the Italian Regia Aeronautica badly needed more cannon-armed fighters to have any hope of shooting the huge aircraft down. Designed by Northrop, only around 700 were built, and at a cost of $190,000 per plane, they were among the most expensive American fighter plane of ww2. [35][36], The Folgore first saw service during the Siege of Malta on 29 or 30 September 1941; their first mission was the interception of British Hurricanes over Sicily. "The Macchi-Castoldi Series". Upon entering service, the type became Italy’s first single-seat, all-metal monoplane that had an enclosed cockpit and retractable undercarriage. 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