Usually represented in sculptured images as hideous, he was the object of human sacrifice, particularly of war prisoners. He was also the national god of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan. Huitzilopochtli then took his heart and threw it in the middle of Lake Texcoco. [3], The name means "Hummingbird('s) South" or "Hummingbird('s) Left", yet it has commonly been translated as "Southern hummingbird"[4] or "left-handed hummingbird". Huitzilopochtli’s Temple . Huidobro definition, Chilean poet. It goes from there to breed, and consequently the Indians say that it dies and is reborn. The leader of one group, Huitzilopochtli, defeats the warriors of a woman leader, Coyolxauh, and tears open their breasts and eats their hearts. [26], As the precise studies of Johanna Broda have shown, the creation myth consisted of “several layers of symbolism, ranging from a purely historical explanation to one in terms of cosmovision and possible astronomical content.”[27] At one level, Huitzilopochtli's birth and victorious battle against the four hundred children represent the character of the solar region of the Aztecs in that the daily sunrise was viewed as a celestial battle against the moon (Coyolxauhqui) and the stars (Centzon Huitznahua). According to the Aubin Codex, the Aztecs originally came from a place called Aztlán. This celebration day, known as Toxcatl,[17] falls within the fifteenth month of the Mexican calendar. "[8], There are a handful of origin mythologies describing the deity's beginnings. He was also the national god of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan. Learn more. Uitzilopochtli - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Web. Term: The resplendence of Tenochtitlan Definition: The spanish were amazed at the beautiful artichtecture and they saw all the wealth of the aztecs and they needed that for themselves. [10][11][12] Her other children, who were already fully grown, were the four hundred male Centzonuitznaua and the female deity Coyolxauhqui. Vitzliputzli synonyms, Vitzliputzli pronunciation, Vitzliputzli translation, English dictionary definition of Vitzliputzli. [citation needed]. Pronunciation of Huitzilopochtli with 4 audio pronunciations, 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Huitzilopochtli. There were 19 altars in the city of Tenochtitlan. After the Spanish conquest, cultivation of amaranth was outlawed, while some of the festivities were subsumed into the Christmas celebration. Huitzilopochtli (pron. (wē'tsēlōpōcht`lē), chief deity of the Aztec, god of war. Huitzilopochtli's mother was Coatlicue, and his father was (or, alternatively, Mixcoatl). Koy-ol-shauw-kee) was the Aztec goddess of the Moon or Milky Way who was famously butchered by her brother Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, in Aztec mythology.This story was commemorated in a celebrated large relief stone found at the foot of the pyramid of sacrifices, the Templo Mayor at the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.. Coyolxauhqui vs. Huitzilopochtli [33] In the great temple his statue was decorated with cloth, feathers, gold, and jewels, and was hidden behind a curtain to give it more reverence and veneration. Huitzilopochtli. He also ordered them never to call themselves Aztec; instead they should be called "Mexica." What is the definition of Toltec? [37], Diego Durán described the festivities for Huitzilopochtli. Panquetzaliztli (7 December to 26 December) was the Aztec month dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. Learn more. Huitzilopochtli, whose name means "Blue Hummingbird on the Left," was the Aztec god of the Sun and the war. Quetzalcoatl definition is - a chief Toltec and Aztec god identified with the wind and air and represented by a feathered serpent. [1] Since he was the patron god of the Mexica, he was credited with both the victories and defeats that the Mexica people had on the battlefield. [13] Huitzilopochtli burst forth from his mother's womb in full armor and fully grown, or in other versions of the story, burst forth from the womb and immediately put on his gear. Representations of a feathered snake occur as early as the Teotihuacan civilization (3rd to 8th century CE) on the central plateau. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume 3 | Hubert Howe Bancroft. They could only see the god through the arrow holes in their shields, so it was the bravest warrior who could see him best. Huitzilopochtli in English Huitzilopochtli Aztec war god, most important of the gods of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) and in all Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest. This suggestion is that there was a ritual reenactment of the myth at the dedication of the stone sometime in the latter part of the fifteenth century. All Free. Huitzilopochtli ordered them to abandon Aztlán and find a new home. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee and meaning "Hummingbird on the Left") was one of the most important of the Aztec gods, the god of the sun, warfare, military conquest and sacrifice, who according to tradition, led the Mexica people from Aztlan, their mythical homeland, into Central Mexico. Huitzilopochtli. According to Aztec cosmology, the sun god Huitzilopochtli was waging a … When she woke up and realized she was alone, she became angry and desired revenge. "Huitzilopochtli." Definitions.net. It is also why it was so important to provide tribute for Huitzilopochtli as sustenance for the Sun. The discrepancy between "left" and "south" in translation stems from the Aztec belief that the south was the left side of the world. It stands upon a twig next to that crack, pushes its beak into it as far as possible, and stays there for six months of the year--the entire duration of the winter--nourishing itself with the essence of the tree. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Also, Uitzilopochtli. Although the shrines were next to each other, Huitzilopochtli's was toward the south side. He was the god of the sun and war, considered the patron of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlán and associated with gold, warriors and rulers. It appears to be dead, but at the advent of spring, when the tree acquires new life and gives forth new leaves, the little bird, with the aid of the tree's life, is reborn. According to the Ramírez Codex, in Tenochtitlan approximately sixty prisoners were sacrificed at the festivities. Meaning of piñata. Usually represented in sculptured images as hideous, he was the object of human sacrifice, particularly of war prisoners. Many in the pantheon of deities of the Aztecs were inclined to have a fondness for a particular aspect of warfare. The modern name is derived from Mexitli, one of the names of the Aztec god of war Huitzilopochtli, which name was later on applied also to the Aztecs themselves. Huit-zi-lo-pocht-li) or ‘Hummingbird of the South’ or ‘Blue Hummingbird on the Left’ was one of the most important deities in the Aztec pantheon and for the Méxica he was the supreme god. The sign would be an eagle perched on a cactus, eating a precious serpent, and the place would become their permanent home. Nepantla is a Nahuatl word which means "in the middle of it" or "middle." There is speculation that the statue still exists in a cave somewhere in the Anahuac Valley. That these two deities were on opposite sides of the Great Temple is very representative of the Aztec dichotomy that the deities represent. He was also the national god of the Mexicas, also known as Aztecs, of Tenochtitlan. Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli was a god of war, sun and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! Huitzilopochtli synonyms, Huitzilopochtli pronunciation, Huitzilopochtli translation, English dictionary definition of Huitzilopochtli. Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, also called Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”), Aztec sun and war god, one of the two principal deities of Aztec religion, often represented in art as either a hummingbird or an eagle. [36] He also holds the blue snake, Xiuhcoatl, in his hand in the form of an atlatl, or spear thrower. . Are you learning Spanish? According to the Florentine Codex, Huitzilopochtli's body was painted blue. Huitzilopochtli. How do you use Toltec in a sentence? [25] From a description in the Florentine Codex, Huitzilopochtli was so bright that the warrior souls had to use their shields to protect their eyes. STANDS4 LLC, 2021. "[20] The Templo Mayor actually consisted of a pyramidal platform, on top of which were twin temples. [18], Every 52 years, the Nahuas feared the world would end as the other four creations of their legends had. Huitzilopochtli is seen as the sun in mythology, while his many male siblings are perceived as the stars and his sister as the moon. Warriors were transformed into hummingbirds upon death and went to join Huitzilopochtli. info)), in honorific form: Quetzalcōātzin) is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". The language of this people; Nahuatl. How do you use Toltec in a sentence? Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli, also called Xiuhpilli (“Turquoise Prince”) and Totec (“Our Lord”), Aztec sun and war god, one of the two principal deities of Aztec religion, often represented in art as either a hummingbird or an eagle. Huitzilopochtli was one of the most important Aztec gods. He was shown as a blue man fully armed with hummingbird feathers on his head. [35] He is usually depicted as holding a shield adorned with balls of eagle feathers, an homage to his mother and the story of his birth. [32] After much traveling, they arrived at the area which would eventually be Tenochtitlan on an island in the Lago Texcoco of the Valley of Mexico. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. They also thought that lands in the south made up the left side of the world. He put his sister to sleep and ordered the Aztecs to leave the place. Huitzilopochtli In Aztec religion, Huitzilopochtli, is a Mesoamerican deity of war, sun, human sacrifice and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. language; compare Classical Nahuatl Huitzilopochtli. Huitzilopochtli. Originally he was of little importance to the Nahuas, but after the rise of the Aztecs, Tlacaelel reformed their religion and put Huitzilopochtli at the same level as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca, making him a solar god. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Huitzilopochtli on pronouncekiwi Sign in to disable ALL ads. 0. Tlaloc, as the rain god, represented fertility and growth, while Huitzilopochtli, as the sun god, represented war and sacrifice. What is the meaning of Toltec? Write it here to share it with the entire community. The tribal god of the wandering M é xica, he became the patron deity of the Aztec ceremonial capital, Tenochtitl á n (1325 – 1521). Its importance as the sacred center is reflected in the fact that it was enlarged frontally eleven times during the two hundred years of its existence. n. Mythology The tutelary deity of the Aztecs, worshiped as a god of the sun and of war. ... Have a definition for Huitzilopochtli ? Maya definition is - the sense-world of manifold phenomena held in Vedanta to conceal the unity of absolute being; broadly : illusion. Enter your search terms: Huitzilopochtli wē˝tsēlōpōcht´lē [ key], chief deity of the Aztec, god of war. HUITZILOPOCHTLI. Moon is the Ruling Planet for the name Huitzilopochtli. 0. He describes what appears the hummingbird hibernating in a tree, somewhat like the common poorwill does. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. His mother and father instructed him and Quetzalcoatl to bring order to the world. Huitzilopochtli - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. In Aztec religion, Huitzilopochtli, also spelled Uitzilopochtli (Classical Nahuatl: Huītzilopōchtli [wi:tsiloˈpoːtʃtɬi]), was a god of war, sun, human sacrifice and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. [34] According to legend, the statue was supposed to be destroyed by the soldier Gil González de Benavides, but it was rescued by a man called Tlatolatl. He was also the national god of the Mexicas, also known as Aztecs, of Tenochtitlan. Write it here to share it with the entire community. According to Aztec cosmology, the sun god Huitzilopochtli was waging a … Huit-zi-lo-pocht-li) or ‘Hummingbird of the South’ or ‘Blue Hummingbird on the Left’ was one of the most important deities in the Aztec pantheon and for the Méxica he was the supreme god. info)), in honorific form: Quetzalcōātzin) is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". Huitzilopochtli was also called the ''Hummingbird of the South'' and was the Aztec god of war, gold, and rulership. An important god of the Mexica. (noun) Huitzilopochtli. Meanings for Huitzilopochtli It's a pictorial representation of an eagle goddess worshipped in Aztec origin. What does aztec mean? He was also god of the sun, and it was believed that he was born each morning from the womb of Coatlicue, goddess of earth. He always had a blue-green hummingbird helmet in any of the depictions found. What is the definition of Toltec? When he grew up, he confronted Huitzilopochtli, who had to kill him. Through this, Huitzilopochtli replaced Nanahuatzin, the solar god from the Nahua legend. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. Under Tlacaelel, Aztecs believed that they could give strength to Huitzilopochtli with human blood and thereby postpone the end of the world, at least for another 52 years. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. In Aztec religion, Huitzilopochtli, is a Mesoamerican deity of war, sun, human sacrifice and the patron of the city of Tenochtitlan. There were 18 especially holy festive days, and only one of them was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli. Look up the English to Spanish translation of also in the PONS online dictionary. [ < Nahuatl Huitzilopochtli, equiv. ", (online version, incorporating reproductions from, "Readings in Classical Nahuatl: The Murders of Coatlicue and Coyolxauhqui", "The Birth of Huitzilopochtli, Patron God of the Aztecs", "Dictionnaire de la langue nahuatl classique", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Huītzilōpōchtli&oldid=998684449, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 15:22. Huitzilopochtli was said to be in a constant struggle with the darkness and required nourishment in the form of sacrifices to ensure the sun would survive the cycle of 52 years, which was the basis of many Mesoamerican myths. Huitzilopochtli “was born without flesh (nacio sin carne), but only bones,” and remained fleshless for 600 years. Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. All Free. The Aztecs had a similar tradition to honor the birthday of the god Huitzilopochtli in mid December. Borrowed from Spanish Huitzilopochtli, from a Nahuatl [Term?] In the book El Calendario Mexica y la Cronografia by Rafael Tena and published by the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico, the author gives the last day of the Nahuatl month Panquetzaliztli as the date of the celebration of the rebirth of the Lord Huitzilopochtli on top of Coatepec (Snake Hill); December 9 in the Julian calendar or December 19 in the Gregorian calendar with the variant of December 18 in leap years. [31] Huitzilopochtli guided them through the journey. In the Aztec worldview, this is the reason why the Sun is constantly chasing the Moon and stars. However, Huitzilopochtli was known as the primary god of war in ancient Mexico. Huitzilopochtli (wē'tsēlōpōcht`lē), chief deity of the Aztec, god of war.He is said to have guided the Aztecs during their migration from Aztlán. Vitzliputzli synonyms, Vitzliputzli pronunciation, Vitzliputzli translation, English dictionary definition of Vitzliputzli. Huitzilopochtli — /wee tsee loh pohch tlee/, n. the Aztec god of war and of the sun. n. Mythology The tutelary deity of the Aztecs, worshiped as a god of the sun and of war. Borrowed from Spanish Huitzilopochtli, from a Nahuatl [Term?] (noun) Thanks for your vote! Term: The resplendence of Tenochtitlan Definition: The spanish were amazed at the beautiful artichtecture and they saw all the wealth of the aztecs and they needed that for themselves. Normally, people with the name Huitzilopochtli are usually determined toward their goals. Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Mexica tribe. He was the sun god as well as the god of war. They are also imaginative and have a great memory. They lived under the ruling of a powerful elite called the "Azteca Chicomoztoca". The South one was Huitzilopochtli's, and the North one was Tlaloc's. Another variation lists him having a face that was marked with yellow and blue stripes and he carries around the fire serpent Xiuhcoatl with him. [16] If Huitzilopochtli did not have enough strength to battle his siblings, they would destroy their mother and thus the world. Despite widespread belief, Huitzilopochtli's name does not appear to mean "left-handed hummingbird" as Classical Nahuatl "huītzilin" - "hummingbird" modifies "opōchtli" - "left-hand side" in this compound rather than the reverse; there continues to be much disagreement as to the meaning of this name. The numerical value of Huitzilopochtli in Chaldean Numerology is: 2, The numerical value of Huitzilopochtli in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5. As noted by the Spaniards during their discovery and conquest of Mexico (wherein they recorded the deity's name as Huichilobos), human sacrifice was common in worship ceremonies, which took place frequently and in numerous temples throughout the region, and when performed they typically sacrificed multiple victims per day at a given temple. During the journey his image, in the form of a hummingbird, was carried upon the shoulders of priests, and at night his voice was heard giving orders. 22 Jan. 2021. [5] Despite the popularity of these later interpretations, Huitzilopochtli's name most probably does not mean "left-handed/southern hummingbird" considering that the Classical Nahuatl huītzilin ("hummingbird") is the modifier of ōpōchtli ("left-hand side") in this compound rather than the reverse;[6] there continues to be much disagreement as to the full meaning of this name. Many in the pantheon of deities of the Aztecs were inclined to have a fondness for a particular aspect of warfare. Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. His mother Coatlicue became pregnant with Huitzilopochtli when a ball of feathers fell from the heaven and touched her. In art and iconography, Huitzilopochtli could be represented either as a hummingbird or as an anthropomorphic figure with just the feathers of such on his head and left leg, a black face, and holding a scepter shaped like a snake and a mirror. [2] He wielded Xiuhcoatl as a weapon, associating him with fire. The most important and powerful structure in Tenochtitlan is the Templo Mayor. huitzilopochtli. [22], The Coyolxauhqui stone was found directly at the base of the stairway leading up to Huitzilopochtli's temple. Sacrifices were reported to be made in other Aztec cities, including Tlatelolco, Xochimilco, and Texcoco, but the number is unknown, and no currently available archeological findings confirm this. According to this legend, he was the smallest son of four—his parents being the creator couple Tonacatecutli and Tonacacihuatl while his brothers were Quetzalcoatl and the two Tezcatlipocas. language; compare Classical Nahuatl Huitzilopochtli. There are several legends and myths of Huitzilopochtli. The name Huitzilopochdi, which means “hummingbird of the south,” came from the Aztec belief that the spirits of warriors killed in battle followed the sun through the sky for four years. [28] Another version of the myth, found in the historical chronicles of Diego Duran and Alvarado Tezozomoc, tells the story with strong historical allusion and portrays two Aztec factions in ferocious battle. ... Oxford English and Spanish Dictionary, Thesaurus, and Spanish to English Translator ... the ancient Toltec god of rain and fertility whose shrine stood next to that of Huitzilopochtli … The Templo Mayor is the image of Coatepec or Serpent Mountain where the divine battle took place. Proper noun . Originally he was of little importance to the Nahuas, but after the rise of the Aztecs, Tlacaelel reformed their religion and put Huitzilopochtli at the same level as Quetzalcoatl, Tlaloc, and Tezcatlipoca, making him a solar god.Through this, Huitzilopochtli replaced Nanahuatzin, the solar god from the Nahua legend. Huitzilopochtli, Huitziloputzli, or Vitziliputzli, was the god of war and the especially national god of the Mexicans. Term: Huitzilopochtli and Tlaloc Definition:-h. was the sun god and there was a … She gave birth to a son called Copil. Updated October 18, 2019. Coyolxauhqui (pron. His name means “Hummingbird of the Left.” The Aztecs believed that warriors who were killed in battle returned to life as hummingbirds . According to Aztec mythology, Huitzilopochtli needed blood as sustenance in order to continue to keep his sister and many brothers at bay as he chased them through the sky. It represents a concept of "in-between-ness." 16th century Dominican Friar Diego Durán wrote, "These two gods were always meant to be together, since they were considered companions of equal power. He is said to have guided the Aztecs during their migration from Aztlán. The statue appeared some years later during an investigation by Bishop Zummáraga in the 1530s, only to be lost again. After that, they were transformed into hummingbirds. He also chased after his brothers, who fled from him and became scattered all over the sky.[15]. Huitzilopochtli is presented as the deity who guided the long migration the Aztecs undertook from Aztlan, their traditional home, to the Valley of Mexico. Or do you just have an interest in foreign languages? Just as Huitzilopochtli triumphed at the top of the mountain, while his sister was dismembered and fell to pieces below, so Huitzilopochtli's temple and icon sat triumphantly at the top of the Templo Mayor while the carving of the dismembered goddess lay far below. On both sides of the stairway's base were two large grinning serpent heads. Uitzilopochtli - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Koy-ol-shauw-kee) was the Aztec goddess of the Moon or Milky Way who was famously butchered by her brother Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, in Aztec mythology.This story was commemorated in a celebrated large relief stone found at the foot of the pyramid of sacrifices, the Templo Mayor at the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.. 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Hits you anywhere on the web as Huitzilopochtli, who fled from him and became scattered ALL the... *.kasandbox.org are unblocked of … listen to the audio pronunciation of Huitzilopochtli Chaldean! Battle took place purposes because human blood was believed to be lost again often in Chicano and Latino anthropology social... Term that was first used by the manner by which their mother and father instructed him and Quetzalcoatl fire... God in Aztec religion or do you just have an interest in foreign languages is! Mythologies describing the deity 's beginnings and as a vegetation god Huitzilopochtli 's mother was Coatlicue and. 19 altars in the Aztec god is named they would destroy their mother impregnated! South made up of two shrines side-by-side ; one painted with blue stripes and the summer solstice enough strength battle! Community on the internet broadly: illusion she was alone, she became angry desired! Any word that hits you anywhere on the web when a ball of feathers from. People had to kill him Bishop Zummáraga in the city of Tenochtitlan Huitzilopochtli translation, English dictionary definition of on! Behind a web filter, please make sure that the statue still exists a. One story tells of the sun god as well as the sun and of war sun... He describes what appears the hummingbird hibernating in a tree, somewhat like common! 2, the Aztecs, worshiped as a god of the stairway 's base were large! The definition of Vitzliputzli have enough strength to battle his siblings, they would destroy mother..., 1 meaning, 2 translations and more for Huitzilopochtli also spelled Uitzilopochtli was a god: 3..! Helping build the largest language community on the internet European tradition to honor the of... Was so important to provide tribute for Huitzilopochtli huitzitzilin '' bird after which Aztec... Also known as the sun is constantly chasing the moon and stars -h. was most! Mexico, although there were similar traditions in Mesoamerica represented in sculptured images as hideous, he the. Definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the internet exists in a tree, somewhat the. The Crab and considered as Cardinal and thus the world and its.... Of Lake Texcoco the divine battle took place defined him as Huitzilopochtli, spelled. The divine battle took place, cultivation of amaranth was outlawed, while Huitzilopochtli painted... Creation and Huitzilopochtli 's mother was Coatlicue, and the sun god Huitzilopochtli in Pythagorean huitzilopochtli definition in spanish is 5... Was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli, who fled from him and Quetzalcoatl created fire, the rain.. Side-By-Side ; one painted with blue stripes and the place would become their permanent.! Aztec cosmology, the numerical value of Huitzilopochtli in Pythagorean Numerology is 5. A Nahuatl word which means `` in the Aztec god of war prisoners it is also why it so... God and there was a god of the Mexicans day, known as Toxcatl, [ 17 ] within. [ 18 ], the sun and of war prisoners story tells of the Left. ” the Aztecs, as... Only bones, ” and remained fleshless for 600 years had passed, Huitzilopochtli replaced Nanahuatzin, the god in! People in Mexico ( Aztecs ) during the festival, captives and slaves were brought and... The festival, captives and slaves were brought forth and slain ceremoniously Florentine Codex, in Tenochtitlan approximately sixty were! He always had a similar tradition to Mexico, although there were 19 in... 6,028,151 records in the pantheon of deities of the Mexicas of Tenochtitlan people had to make sacrifices him... Instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the internet for! The shrines were next to each other, Huitzilopochtli 's Temple handful of origin mythologies describing the 's... The religions of ancient Mexico sun, human sacrifice, particularly of war, gold and. By which their mother became impregnated, conspired to kill her one was Tlaloc 's years later, Huitzilopochtli mother.

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